[Butterfly Header - North American
Butterfly Association]

Checklist of North American Butterflies
Occurring North of Mexico


Swallowtails   Family Papilionidae

Parnassians   Subfamily Parnassiinae

Eversmann's Parnassian Parnassius eversmanni
Clodius Parnassian Parnassius clodius
Phoebus Parnassian Parnassius phoebus*
  'Rocky Mountain' Phoebus Parnassian Parnassius phoebus smintheus
  'Sierra Nevada' Phoebus Parnassian Parnassius phoebus behri

Swallowtails   Subfamily Papilioninae

White-dotted Cattleheart Parides alopius
Pipevine Swallowtail Battus philenor
Polydamas Swallowtail Battus polydamas
Zebra Swallowtail Eurytides marcellus
Dark Kite-Swallowtail Eurytides philolaus
Black Swallowtail Papilio polyxenes
  'Desert' Black Swallowtail Papilio polyxenes coloro
Ozark Swallowtail Papilio joanae
Short-tailed Swallowtail Papilio brevicauda
Old World Swallowtail Papilio machaon*
  'Baird's' Old World Swallowtail Papilio machaon bairdii*
  'Oregon' Swallowtail Papilio machaon oregonius
Anise Swallowtail Papilio zelicaon
Indra Swallowtail Papilio indra
Chinese Swallowtail Papilio xuthus*
Thoas Swallowtail Papilio thoas
Giant Swallowtail Papilio cresphontes
Schaus' Swallowtail Papilio aristodemus
Bahamian Swallowtail Papilio andraemon
Ornythion Swallowtail Papilio ornythion
Broad-banded Swallowtail Papilio astyalus
Androgeus Swallowtail Papilio androgeus
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail Papilio glaucus
Canadian Tiger Swallowtail Papilio canadensis
Western Tiger Swallowtail Papilio rutulus
Two-tailed Swallowtail Papilio multicaudata
Pale Swallowtail Papilio eurymedon
Three-tailed Swallowtail Papilio pilumnus
Spicebush Swallowtail Papilio troilus
Palamedes Swallowtail Papilio palamedes
Magnificent Swallowtail Papilio garamas*
Victorine Swallowtail Papilio victorinus
Pink-spotted Swallowtail Papilio pharnaces
Ruby-spotted Swallowtail Papilio anchisiades

Whites and Sulphurs   Family Pieridae

Whites   Subfamily Pierinae

Mexican Dartwhite Catasticta nimbice
Pine White Neophasia menapia
Chiricahua White Neophasia terlootii
Florida White Appias drusilla
Becker's White Pontia beckerii
Spring White Pontia sisymbrii
Checkered White Pontia protodice
Western White Pontia occidentalis
Mustard White Pieris napi*
  'Veined' Mustard White Pieris napi oleracea
  'Margined' Mustard White Pieris napi marginalis
West Virginia White Pieris virginiensis
Cabbage White Pieris rapae
Great Southern White Ascia monuste
Giant White Ganyra josephina
Howarth's White Ganyra howarthii*
Large Marble Euchloe ausonides
Green Marble Euchloe naina*
Northern Marble Euchloe creusa
Sonoran Marble Euchloe guaymasensis*
Pearly Marble Euchloe hyantis*
  'California' Pearly Marble Euchloe hyantis hyantis
  'Desert' Pearly Marble Euchloe hyantis lotta
Olympia Marble Euchloe olympia
Desert Orangetip Anthocharis cethura*
  'Pima' Desert Orangetip Anthocharis cethura pima*
Sara Orangetip Anthocharis sara* (includes thoosa and julia)
  'Pacific' Sara Orangetip Anthocharis sara sara
  'Stella' Sara Orangetip Anthocharis sara stella
Falcate Orangetip Anthocharis midea
Gray Marble Anthocharis lanceolata

Sulphurs   Subfamily Coliadinae

Clouded Sulphur Colias philodice
Orange Sulphur Colias eurytheme
Western Sulphur Colias occidentalis*
Colias occidentalis chrysomelas
Colias occidentalis pseudochristina*
Christina's Sulphur Colias christina*
Queen Alexandra's Sulphur Colias alexandra*
  'Harford's' Queen Alexandra's Sulphur Colias alexandra harfordii
Colias alexandra krauthii
Mead's Sulphur Colias meadii*
Coppermine Sulphur Colias johanseni*
Canadian Sulphur Colias canadensis
Hecla Sulphur Colias hecla
[Booth's Sulphur "Colias boothi" hecla x nastes?*]
Labrador Sulphur Colias nastes
Colias nastes thula
Scudder's Sulphur Colias scudderi
Giant Sulphur Colias gigantea
Sierra Sulphur Colias behrii
Pelidne Sulphur Colias pelidne
Pink-edged Sulphur Colias interior
Palaeno Sulphur Colias palaeno
California Dogface Colias eurydice
Southern Dogface Colias cesonia
White Angled-Sulphur Anteos clorinde
Yellow Angled-Sulphur Anteos maerula
Cloudless Sulphur Phoebis sennae
Orange-barred Sulphur Phoebis philea
Large Orange Sulphur Phoebis agarithe
Tailed Sulphur Phoebis neocypris
Statira Sulphur Phoebis statira
Orbed Sulphur Phoebis orbis
Lyside Sulphur Kricogonia lyside
Barred Yellow Eurema daira
Ghost Yellow Eurema albula*
Boisduval's Yellow Eurema boisduvaliana
Mexican Yellow Eurema mexicana
Salome Yellow Eurema salome
Tailed Orange Eurema proterpia
Little Yellow Eurema lisa
Mimosa Yellow Eurema nise
Shy Yellow Eurema messalina
Dina Yellow Eurema dina
Sleepy Orange Eurema nicippe
Dainty Sulphur Nathalis iole

Mimic-Whites   Subfamily Dismorphiinae

Costa-spotted Mimic-White Enantia albania

Gossamer-wing Butterflies   Family Lycaenidae

Harvesters   Subfamily Miletinae

Harvester Feniseca tarquinius

Coppers   Subfamily Lycaeninae

Tailed Copper Lycaena arota
American Copper Lycaena phlaeas
Lustrous Copper Lycaena cupreus
  'Snow's' Lustrous Copper Lycaena cupreus snowi
Great Copper Lycaena xanthoides
Gray Copper Lycaena dione
Edith's Copper Lycaena editha
Gorgon Copper Lycaena gorgon
Bronze Copper Lycaena hyllus
Ruddy Copper Lycaena rubidus
  'White Mountains' Ruddy Copper Lycaena rubidus ferrisi*
Blue Copper Lycaena heteronea
Bog Copper Lycaena epixanthe
Dorcas Copper Lycaena dorcas*
 'Maine' Dorcas Copper Lycaena dorcas claytoni
 'Salt Marsh' Dorcas Copper Lycaena dorcas dospassosi*
Purplish Copper Lycaena helloides
Lilac-bordered Copper Lycaena nivalis
Mariposa Copper Lycaena mariposa
Hermes Copper Lycaena hermes

Hairstreaks   Subfamily Theclinae

Colorado Hairstreak Hypaurotis crysalus
Golden Hairstreak Habrodais grunus
Atala Eumaeus atala
Strophius Hairstreak Allosmaitia strophius
Great Purple Hairstreak Atlides halesus
Creamy Stripe-streak Arawacus jada
Gold-bordered Hairstreak Rekoa palegon
Marius Hairstreak Rekoa marius
Black Hairstreak Ocaria ocrisia
Amethyst Hairstreak Chlorostrymon maesites
Telea Hairstreak Chlorostrymon telea
Silver-banded Hairstreak Chlorostrymon simaethis
Soapberry Hairstreak Phaeostrymon alcestis
Coral Hairstreak Satyrium titus
Behr's Hairstreak Satyrium behrii
Sooty Hairstreak Satyrium fuliginosa*
Acadian Hairstreak Satyrium acadica
California Hairstreak Satyrium californica
Sylvan Hairstreak Satyrium sylvinus
Edwards' Hairstreak Satyrium edwardsii
Banded Hairstreak Satyrium calanus
Hickory Hairstreak Satyrium caryaevorum
King's Hairstreak Satyrium kingi
Striped Hairstreak Satyrium liparops
Gold-hunter's Hairstreak Satyrium auretorum
Mountain Mahogany Hairstreak Satyrium tetra
Hedgerow Hairstreak Satyrium saepium
Oak Hairstreak Satyrium favonius*
 'Southern' Oak Hairstreak Satyrium favonius favonius
 'Northern' Oak Hairstreak Satyrium favonius ontario
Ilavia Hairstreak Satyrium ilavia
Poling's Hairstreak Satyrium polingi
Clench's Greenstreak Cyanophrys miserabilis
Goodson's Greenstreak Cyanophrys goodsoni
Tropical Greenstreak Cyanophrys herodotus
Bramble Hairstreak Callophrys dumetorum*
  'Coastal' Bramble Hairstreak Callophrys dumetorum viridis
  'Canyon' Bramble Hairstreak Callophrys dumetorum apama
  'Immaculate' Bramble Hairstreak Callophrys dumetorum affinis
Sheridan's Hairstreak Callophrys sheridanii*
  'Desert' Sheridan's Hairstreak Callophrys sheridanii comstocki
  'Alpine' Sheridan's Hairstreak Callophrys sheridanii lemberti
Xami Hairstreak Callophrys xami
Sandia Hairstreak Callophrys mcfarlandi
Brown Elfin Callophrys augustinus
Desert Elfin Callophrys fotis
Moss' Elfin Callophrys mossii
Hoary Elfin Callophrys polios
Frosted Elfin Callophrys irus
Henry's Elfin Callophrys henrici
Bog Elfin Callophrys lanoraieensis
Eastern Pine Elfin Callophrys niphon
Western Pine Elfin Callophrys eryphon
Thicket Hairstreak Callophrys spinetorum
Johnson's Hairstreak Callophrys johnsoni
Juniper Hairstreak Callophrys gryneus*
  'Olive' Juniper Hairstreak Callophrys gryneus gryneus
  'Sweadner's' Juniper Hairstreak Callophrys gryneus sweadneri
  'Siva' Juniper Hairstreak Callophrys gryneus siva
  'Nelson's' Juniper Hairstreak Callophrys gryneus nelsoni
  'Muir's' Juniper Hairstreak Callophrys gryneus muiri
  'Loki' Juniper Hairstreak Callophrys gryneus loki
  'Thorne's' Juniper Hairstreak Callophrys gryneus thornei
Hessel's Hairstreak Callophrys hesseli
Aquamarine Hairstreak Oenomaus ortygnus
White M Hairstreak Parrhasius m-album
Gray Hairstreak Strymon melinus
Avalon Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon avalona
Red-crescent Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon rufofusca
Red-lined Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon bebrycia
Martial Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon martialis
Yojoa Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon yojoa
White Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon albata
Bartram's Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon acis
Lacey's Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon alea
Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon istapa*
Disguised Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon limenia
Tailless Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon cestri
Lantana Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon bazochii
Bromeliad Scrub-Hairstreak Strymon serapio
Ruddy Hairstreak Electrostrymon sangala
Fulvous Hairstreak Electrostrymon angelia
Muted Hairstreak Electrostrymon canus
Red-banded Hairstreak Calycopis cecrops
Dusky-blue Groundstreak Calycopis isobeon
Red-spotted Hairstreak Tmolus echion
Pearly-gray Hairstreak Siderus tephraeus
Leda Ministreak Ministrymon leda
Clytie Ministreak Ministrymon clytie
Gray Ministreak Ministrymon azia
Sonoran Hairstreak Hypostrymon critola
Early Hairstreak Erora laeta
Arizona Hairstreak Erora quaderna

Blues   Subfamily Polyommatinae

Western Pygmy-Blue Brephidium exile
Eastern Pygmy-Blue Brephidium isophthalma
Cassius Blue Leptotes cassius
Marine Blue Leptotes marina
Pea Blue Lampides boeticus*
Cyna Blue Zizula cyna
Miami Blue Hemiargus thomasi
Nickerbean Blue Hemiargus ammon*
Ceraunus Blue Hemiargus ceraunus
Reakirt's Blue Hemiargus isola
Eastern Tailed-Blue Everes comyntas
Western Tailed-Blue Everes amyntula
Spring Azure Celastrina ladon*
  'Atlantic' Spring Azure Celastrina ladon idella
  'Hops' Spring Azure Celastrina ladon humulus
  'Manitoba' Spring Azure Celastrina ladon argentata
  'Summer' Spring Azure Celastrina ladon neglecta
Appalachian Azure Celastrina neglectamajor
Dusky Azure Celastrina nigra (=ebinina)
Hawaiian Blue Vaga blackburni*
Sonoran Blue Philotes sonorensis
Square-spotted Blue Euphilotes battoides*
 'El Segundo' Square-spotted Blue Euphilotes battoides allyni
 'Bernardino' Square-spotted Blue Euphilotes battoides bernardino
Euphilotes battoides intermedia
Euphilotes battoides baueri
Euphilotes battoides centralis
Euphilotes battoides ellisi
Dotted Blue Euphilotes enoptes*
  'Mojave' Dotted Blue Euphilotes enoptes mojave
  'Dammer's ' Dotted Blue Euphilotes enoptes dammersi
Euphilotes enoptes ancilla
Rita Blue Euphilotes rita*
 'Pale' Rita Blue Euphilotes rita pallescens
Spalding's Blue Euphilotes spaldingi
Small Blue Philotiella speciosa*
Philotiella speciosa leona
Arrowhead Blue Glaucopsyche piasus
Silvery Blue Glaucopsyche lygdamus
Northern Blue Lycaeides idas
Melissa Blue Lycaeides melissa
 'Karner' Melissa Blue Lycaeides melissa samuelis
Greenish Blue Plebejus saepiolus
San Emigdio Blue Plebejus emigdionis
Boisduval's Blue Plebejus icarioides
 'Mission' Boisduval's Blue Plebejus icarioides missionensis
Shasta Blue Plebejus shasta
Acmon Blue Plebejus acmon* (includes texana and lutzi)
Lupine Blue Plebejus lupini*
Veined Blue Plebejus neurona
Cranberry Blue Vacciniina optilete
Arctic Blue Agriades glandon*
  'Sierra' Arctic Blue Agriades glandon podarce
Heather Blue Agriades cassiope*

Metalmarks   Family Riodinidae

Little Metalmark Calephelis virginiensis
Northern Metalmark Calephelis borealis
Fatal Metalmark Calephelis nemesis
Rounded Metalmark Calephelis perditalis*
Wright's Metalmark Calephelis wrighti
Swamp Metalmark Calephelis mutica
Rawson's Metalmark Calephelis rawsoni*
  'Freeman's' Rawson's Metalmark Calephelis rawsoni freemani
Arizona Metalmark Calephelis arizonensis*
Red-bordered Metalmark Caria ino
Blue Metalmark Lasaia sula
Red-bordered Pixie Melanis pixe
Zela Metalmark Emesis zela
Ares Metalmark Emesis ares
Curve-winged Metalmark Emesis emesia
Falcate Metalmark Emesis tenedia
Mormon Metalmark Apodemia mormo*
Apodemia mormo virgulti
Apodemia mormo mejicanus
Apodemia mormo duryi
Narrow-winged Metalmark Apodemia multiplaga
Hepburn's Metalmark Apodemia hepburni
Palmer's Metalmark Apodemia palmeri
Walker's Metalmark Apodemia walkeri
Crescent Metalmark Apodemia phyciodoides
Nais Metalmark Apodemia nais*
  'Chisos' Nais Metalmark Apodemia nais chisosensis

Brushfooted Butterflies   Family Nymphalidae

Snouts   Subfamily Libytheinae

American Snout Libytheana carinenta

Heliconians and Fritillaries   Subfamily Heliconiinae

Gulf Fritillary Agraulis vanillae
Mexican Silverspot Dione moneta
Banded Orange Heliconian Dryadula phaetusa
Julia Heliconian Dryas iulia*
Isabella's Heliconian Eueides isabella
Zebra Heliconian Heliconius charithonia*
Erato Heliconian Heliconius erato
Variegated Fritillary Euptoieta claudia
Mexican Fritillary Euptoieta hegesia
Diana Fritillary Speyeria diana 
Great Spangled Fritillary Speyeria cybele
Speyeria cybele leto
Aphrodite Fritillary Speyeria aphrodite
Regal Fritillary Speyeria idalia
Nokomis Fritillary Speyeria nokomis
Edwards' Fritillary Speyeria edwardsii
Coronis Fritillary Speyeria coronis
Zerene Fritillary Speyeria zerene
  'Spring Mountains' Zerene Fritillary Speyeria zerene carolae*
Callippe Fritillary Speyeria callippe
Speyeria callippe nevadensis
Great Basin Fritillary Speyeria egleis
Unsilvered Fritillary Speyeria adiaste
Atlantis Fritillary Speyeria atlantis*
  'Atlantis' Atlantis Fritillary Speyeria atlantis atlantis
  'Hesperis' Atlantis Fritillary Speyeria atlantis hesperis
  'Southwestern' Atlantis Fritillary Speyeria atlantis nausicaa
Hydaspe Fritillary Speyeria hydaspe
Mormon Fritillary Speyeria mormonia
Speyeria mormonia atronia
Speyeria mormonia luski
Mountain Fritillary Boloria napaea*
Bog Fritillary Boloria eunomia
Silver-bordered Fritillary Boloria selene
Meadow Fritillary Boloria bellona
Frigga Fritillary Boloria frigga
Dingy Fritillary Boloria improba
  'Wind River' Dingy Fritillary Boloria improba harryi
  'Uncompahgre' Dingy Fritillary Boloria improba acrocnema
Relict Fritillary Boloria kriemhild
Pacific Fritillary Boloria epithore
Polaris Fritillary Boloria polaris
Freija Fritillary Boloria freija
Alberta Fritillary Boloria alberta
Astarte Fritillary Boloria astarte*
  'Distinct' Astarte Fritillary Boloria astarte distincta
Purplish Fritillary Boloria montinus* (distinct from Old World titania)
Arctic Fritillary Boloria chariclea*
Cryptic Fritillary Boloria natazhati

True Brushfoots   Subfamily Nymphalinae

Dotted Checkerspot Poladryas minuta*
Arachne Checkerspot Poladryas arachne*
Theona Checkerspot Chlosyne theona*
Chinati Checkerspot Chlosyne chinatiensis*
Black Checkerspot Chlosyne cyneas
Fulvia Checkerspot Chlosyne fulvia
Leanira Checkerspot Chlosyne leanira
California Patch Chlosyne californica
Bordered Patch Chlosyne lacinia
Definite Patch Chlosyne definita
Banded Patch Chlosyne endeis
Crimson Patch Chlosyne janais
Rosita Patch Chlosyne rosita
Red-spotted Patch Chlosyne marina
Gorgone Checkerspot Chlosyne gorgone
Silvery Checkerspot Chlosyne nycteis
Harris' Checkerspot Chlosyne harrisii
Northern Checkerspot Chlosyne palla
Rockslide Checkerspot Chlosyne whitneyi
Sagebrush Checkerspot Chlosyne acastus
Gabb's Checkerspot Chlosyne gabbii
Hoffmann's Checkerspot Chlosyne hoffmanni
Elf Microtia elva
Tiny Checkerspot Dymasia dymas
Dymasia dymas chara
Elada Checkerspot Texola elada
Texan Crescent Phyciodes texana
  'Seminole' Texan Crescent Phyciodes texana seminole
Cuban Crescent Phyciodes frisia*
Pale-banded Crescent Phyciodes tulcis*
Black Crescent Phyciodes ptolyca
Chestnut Crescent Phyciodes argentea*
Vesta Crescent Phyciodes vesta
Phaon Crescent Phyciodes phaon
Pearl Crescent Phyciodes tharos
Northern Crescent Phyciodes selenis*
Tawny Crescent Phyciodes batesii
Field Crescent Phyciodes campestris
Painted Crescent Phyciodes picta
California Crescent Phyciodes orseis
Pale Crescent Phyciodes pallida
Mylitta Crescent Phyciodes mylitta
Gillett's Checkerspot Euphydryas gillettii*
Variable Checkerspot Euphydryas chalcedona
  'Chalcedon' Variable Checkerspot Euphydryas chalcedona chalcedona
  'Snowberry' Variable Checkerspot Euphydryas chalcedona colon
  'Anicia' Variable Checkerspot Euphydryas chalcedona anicia
Edith's Checkerspot Euphydryas editha
Baltimore Checkerspot Euphydryas phaeton 
Question Mark Polygonia interrogationis
Eastern Comma Polygonia comma
Satyr Comma Polygonia satyrus
Green Comma Polygonia faunus
Polygonia faunus hylas
Polygonia faunus silvius
Hoary Comma Polygonia gracilis
 'Zephyr' Hoary Comma Polygonia gracilis zephyrus
Oreas Comma Polygonia oreas*
Gray Comma Polygonia progne*
Compton Tortoiseshell Nymphalis vaualbum*
California Tortoiseshell Nymphalis californica
Mourning Cloak Nymphalis antiopa
Milbert's Tortoiseshell Nymphalis milberti
Small Tortoiseshell Nymphalis urticae
American Lady Vanessa virginiensis
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui
West Coast Lady Vanessa annabella
Kamehameha Lady Vanessa tameneamea*
Red Admiral Vanessa atalanta
Orange Mapwing Hypanartia lethe
Mimic Hypolimnas misippus
Common Buckeye Junonia coenia
Mangrove Buckeye Junonia evarete
Tropical Buckeye Junonia genoveva
  form nigrosuffusa
White Peacock Anartia jatrophae
Cuban Peacock Anartia chrysopelea*
Banded Peacock Anartia fatima
Malachite Siproeta stelenes
Rusty-tipped Page Siproeta epaphus*

Admirals and Relatives   Subfamily Limenitidinae

Red-spotted Admiral Limenitis arthemis*
  White Admiral Limenitis arthemis arthemis
  Red-spotted Purple Limenitis arthemis astyanax
Viceroy Limenitis archippus
Weidemeyer's Admiral Limenitis weidemeyerii*
Lorquin's Admiral Limenitis lorquini*
Band-celled Sister Adelpha fessonia
California Sister Adelpha bredowii
Spot-celled Sister Adelpha basiloides
Common Banner Epiphile adrasta
Mexican Bluewing Myscelia ethusa
Blackened Bluewing Myscelia cyananthe
Dingy Purplewing Eunica monima
Florida Purplewing Eunica tatila
Blue-eyed Sailor Dynamine dyonis
Common Mestra Mestra amymone
Red Rim Biblis hyperia
Red Cracker Hamadryas amphinome
Gray Cracker Hamadryas februa
Variable Cracker Hamadryas feronia
Glaucous Cracker Hamadryas glauconome
Pale Cracker Hamadryas amphichloe
Guatemalan Cracker Hamadryas guatemalena
Black-patched Cracker Hamadryas atlantis
Orion Cecropian Historis odius*
Tailed Cecropian Historis acheronta*
Blomfild's Beauty Smyrna blomfildia
Waiter Daggerwing Marpesia coresia
Many-banded Daggerwing Marpesia chiron
Ruddy Daggerwing Marpesia petreus
Antillean Daggerwing Marpesia eleuchea

Leafwings   Subfamily Charaxinae

Tropical Leafwing Anaea aidea
Florida Leafwing Anaea floridalis*
Goatweed Leafwing Anaea andria
Angled Leafwing Anaea glycerium
Pale-spotted Leafwing Anaea pithyusa

Emperors   Subfamily Apaturinae

Hackberry Emperor Asterocampa celtis
Empress Leilia Asterocampa leilia
Tawny Emperor Asterocampa clyton
'Cream-banded' Dusky Emperor Asterocampa idyja argus*
Pavon Emperor Doxocopa pavon
Silver Emperor Doxocopa laure

Morphos   Subfamily Morphinae

White Morpho Morpho polyphemus

Satyrs   Subfamily Satyrinae

Southern Pearly-eye Enodia portlandia
Northern Pearly-eye Enodia anthedon
Creole Pearly-eye Enodia creola
Eyed Brown Satyrodes eurydice
Appalachian Brown Satyrodes appalachia
Nabokov's Satyr Cyllopsis pyracmon
Canyonland Satyr Cyllopsis pertepida
Gemmed Satyr Cyllopsis gemma
Carolina Satyr Hermeuptychia sosybius
Georgia Satyr Neonympha areolata
Mitchell's Satyr Neonympha mitchellii
Little Wood-Satyr Megisto cymela* (includes viola)
Red Satyr Megisto rubricata
Pine Satyr Paramacera allyni
Hayden's Ringlet Coenonympha haydenii
Common Ringlet Coenonympha tullia*
  'Inornate' Common Ringlet Coenonympha tullia inornata
  'Salt Marsh' Common Ringlet Coenonympha tullia nipisiquit*
  'Ochre' Common Ringlet Coenonympha tullia ochracea
  'California' Common Ringlet Coenonympha tullia california
Common Wood-Nymph Cercyonis pegala
Mead's Wood-Nymph Cercyonis meadii
Great Basin Wood-Nymph Cercyonis sthenele
Small Wood-Nymph Cercyonis oetus
Vidler's Alpine Erebia vidleri
Ross' Alpine Erebia rossii
Disa Alpine Erebia disa*
Taiga Alpine Erebia mancinus*
Magdalena Alpine Erebia magdalena*
Banded Alpine Erebia fasciata
Red-disked Alpine Erebia discoidalis
Theano Alpine Erebia theano
Four-dotted Alpine Erebia dabanensis* (includes youngi)
Common Alpine Erebia epipsodea
Colorado Alpine Erebia callias
Reddish Alpine Erebia kozhantshikovi* (includes lafontainei)
Eskimo Alpine Erebia occulta*
Red-bordered Satyr Gyrocheilus patrobas
Ridings' Satyr Neominois ridingsii*
Great Arctic Oeneis nevadensis
Macoun's Arctic Oeneis macounii
Chryxus Arctic Oeneis chryxus
  'California' Chryxus Arctic Oeneis chryxus ivallda
Uhler's Arctic Oeneis uhleri
Alberta Arctic Oeneis alberta
White-veined Arctic Oeneis taygete* (distinct from Old World Oeneis bore)
Jutta Arctic Oeneis jutta
Sentinel Arctic Oeneis alpina (includes exubitor)
Melissa Arctic Oeneis melissa
Polixenes Arctic Oeneis polixenes
Early Arctic Oeneis rosovi* (includes philipi)

Clearwings   Subfamily Ithomiinae

Klug's Clearwing Dircenna klugii

Monarchs   Subfamily Danainae

Monarch Danaus plexippus
Queen Danaus gilippus
Soldier Danaus eresimus
Tiger Mimic-Queen Lycorea cleobaea

Skippers   Family Hesperiidae

Firetips   Subfamily Pyrrhopyginae

Dull Firetip Pyrrhopyge araxes

Spread-wing Skippers   Subfamily Pyrginae

Mangrove Skipper Phocides pigmalion
Guava Skipper Phocides polybius*
Mercurial Skipper Proteides mercurius
Zestos Skipper Epargyreus zestos
Silver-spotted Skipper Epargyreus clarus
Broken Silverdrop Epargyreus exadeus
Hammock Skipper Polygonus leo
Manuel's Skipper Polygonus manueli
White-striped Longtail Chioides catillus
Zilpa Longtail Chioides zilpa
Gold-spotted Aguna Aguna asander
Emerald Aguna Aguna claxon
Tailed Aguna Aguna metophis
Mottled Longtail Typhedanus undulatus
Mexican Longtail Polythrix mexicanus*
Eight-spotted Longtail Polythrix octomaculata
Short-tailed Skipper Zestusa dorus
White-crescent Longtail Codatractus alcaeus
Arizona Skipper Codatractus arizonensis
Valeriana Skipper Codatractus mysie*
Long-tailed Skipper Urbanus proteus
Pronus Longtail Urbanus pronus
Esmeralda Longtail Urbanus esmeraldus
Double-striped Longtail Urbanus belli*
Dorantes Longtail Urbanus dorantes
Teleus Longtail Urbanus teleus
Tanna Longtail Urbanus tanna
Plain Longtail Urbanus simplicius
Brown Longtail Urbanus procne
White-tailed Longtail Urbanus doryssus
Two-barred Flasher Astraptes fulgerator
Small-spotted Flasher Astraptes egregius
Frosted Flasher Astraptes alardus
Gilbert's Flasher Astraptes gilberti
Yellow-tipped Flasher Astraptes anaphus
Golden Banded-Skipper Autochton cellus*
Sonoran Banded-Skipper Autochton pseudocellus
Chisos Banded-Skipper Autochton cincta
Hoary Edge Achalarus lyciades
Desert Cloudywing Achalarus casica
Skinner's Cloudywing Achalarus albociliatus
Coyote Cloudywing Achalarus toxeus
Jalapus Cloudywing Achalarus jalapus*
Southern Cloudywing Thorybes bathyllus
Northern Cloudywing Thorybes pylades
Western Cloudywing Thorybes diversus
Mexican Cloudywing Thorybes mexicanus
Confused Cloudywing Thorybes confusis
Drusius Cloudywing Thorybes drusius
Potrillo Skipper Cabares potrillo
Fritzgaertner's Flat Celaenorrhinus fritzgaertneri
Stallings' Flat Celaenorrhinus stallingsi
Falcate Skipper Spathilepia clonius
Mimosa Skipper Cogia calchas
Acacia Skipper Cogia hippalus
Outis Skipper Cogia outis
Gold-costa Skipper Cogia caicus*
Starred Skipper Arteurotia tractipennis
Purplish-black Skipper Nisoniades rubescens
Glazed Pellicia Pellicia arina
Morning Glory Pellicia Pellicia dimidiata
Mottled Bolla Bolla clytius
Obscure Bolla Bolla brennus
Golden-headed Scallopwing Staphylus ceos
Mazans Scallopwing Staphylus mazans
Hayhurst's Scallopwing Staphylus hayhurstii
Variegated Skipper Gorgythion begga
Blue-studded Skipper Sostrata bifasciata
Hoary Skipper Carrhenes canescens
Glassy-winged Skipper Xenophanes tryxus
White Spurwing Antigonus emorsus*
Red-studded Skipper Noctuana stator*
Texas Powdered-Skipper Systasea pulverulenta
Arizona Powdered-Skipper Systasea zampa
Sickle-winged Skipper Achlyodes thraso*
Hermit Skipper Grais stigmatica
Brown-banded Skipper Timochares ruptifasciatus
White-patched Skipper Chiomara asychis*
Slaty Skipper Chiomara mithrax*
False Duskywing Gesta gesta*
Florida Duskywing Ephyriades brunneus
Dreamy Duskywing Erynnis icelus
Sleepy Duskywing Erynnis brizo
Juvenal's Duskywing Erynnis juvenalis
 'Arizona' Juvenal's Duskywing Erynnis juvenalis clitus
Rocky Mountain Duskywing Erynnis telemachus
Propertius Duskywing Erynnis propertius
Meridian Duskywing Erynnis meridianus
Scudder's Duskywing Erynnis scudderi
Horace's Duskywing Erynnis horatius
Mournful Duskywing Erynnis tristis
Mottled Duskywing Erynnis martialis
Pacuvius Duskywing Erynnis pacuvius
Zarucco Duskywing Erynnis zarucco
Funereal Duskywing Erynnis funeralis
Columbine Duskywing Erynnis lucilius
Wild Indigo Duskywing Erynnis baptisiae
Afranius Duskywing Erynnis afranius
Persius Duskywing Erynnis persius
Grizzled Skipper Pyrgus centaureae
  'Appalachian' Grizzled Skipper Pyrgus centaureae wyandot
Two-banded Checkered-Skipper Pyrgus ruralis
Mountain Checkered-Skipper Pyrgus xanthus
Small Checkered-Skipper Pyrgus scriptura
Common Checkered-Skipper Pyrgus communis*
White Checkered-Skipper Pyrgus albescens*
Tropical Checkered-Skipper Pyrgus oileus
Desert Checkered-Skipper Pyrgus philetas
Erichson's White-Skipper Heliopetes domicella
Northern White-Skipper Heliopetes ericetorum
Laviana White-Skipper Heliopetes laviana
Turk's-cap White-Skipper Heliopetes macaira
Veined White-Skipper Heliopetes arsalte
Common Streaky-Skipper Celotes nessus
Scarce Streaky-Skipper Celotes limpia
Common Sootywing Pholisora catullus
Mexican Sootywing Pholisora mejicana
Mojave Sootywing Hesperopsis libya*
Saltbush Sootywing Hesperopsis alpheus*
  'MacNeill's' Saltbush Sootywing Hesperopsis alpheus gracielae

Skipperlings   Subfamily Heteropterinae

Arctic Skipper Carterocephalus palaemon
Russet Skipperling Piruna pirus
Four-spotted Skipperling Piruna polingi
Many-spotted Skipperling Piruna cingo*
Small-spotted Skipperling Piruna microstictus
Chisos Skipperling Piruna haferniki

Grass-Skippers   Subfamily Hesperiinae

Banana Skipper Erionota thrax*
Malicious Skipper Synapte malitiosa
Salenus Skipper Synapte salenus
Faceted Skipper Synapte syraces
Redundant Skipper Corticea corticea
Pale-rayed Skipper Vidius perigenes
Violet-patched Skipper Monca tyrtaeus*
Swarthy Skipper Nastra lherminier
Julia's Skipper Nastra julia
Neamathla Skipper Nastra neamathla
Three-spotted Skipper Cymaenes tripunctus
Fawn-spotted Skipper Cymaenes odilia
Clouded Skipper Lerema accius
Liris Skipper Lerema liris
Fantastic Skipper Vettius fantasos
Green-backed Ruby-eye Perichares philetes
Osca Skipper Rhinthon osca
Double-dotted Skipper Decinea percosius
Hidden-ray Skipper Conga chydaea
Least Skipper Ancyloxypha numitor
Tropical Least Skipper Ancyloxypha arene
Poweshiek Skipperling Oarisma poweshiek
Garita Skipperling Oarisma garita
Edwards' Skipperling Oarisma edwardsii
Orange Skipperling Copaeodes aurantiacus
Southern Skipperling Copaeodes minimus
Sunrise Skipper Adopaeoides prittwitzi
European Skipper Thymelicus lineola
Fiery Skipper Hylephila phyleus
Alkali Skipper Pseudocopaeodes eunus
Morrison's Skipper Stinga morrisoni
Uncas Skipper Hesperia uncas
Juba Skipper Hesperia juba
Common Branded Skipper Hesperia comma*
Hesperia comma colorado
Hesperia comma assiniboia
Apache Skipper Hesperia woodgatei
Ottoe Skipper Hesperia ottoe
Leonard's Skipper Hesperia leonardus
Pahaska Skipper Hesperia pahaska
Columbian Skipper Hesperia columbia
Cobweb Skipper Hesperia metea
Green Skipper Hesperia viridis
Dotted Skipper Hesperia attalus
Meske's Skipper Hesperia meskei
Dakota Skipper Hesperia dacotae
Lindsey's Skipper Hesperia lindseyi
Indian Skipper Hesperia sassacus
Sierra Skipper Hesperia miriamae
Nevada Skipper Hesperia nevada
Rhesus Skipper Polites rhesus
Carus Skipper Polites carus
Peck's Skipper Polites peckius
Sandhill Skipper Polites sabuleti
Mardon Skipper Polites mardon
Draco Skipper Polites draco
Baracoa Skipper Polites baracoa
Tawny-edged Skipper Polites themistocles
Crossline Skipper Polites origenes
Long Dash Polites mystic
Sonoran Skipper Polites sonora
Whirlabout Polites vibex
Southern Broken-Dash Wallengrenia otho
Northern Broken-Dash Wallengrenia egeremet
Little Glassywing Pompeius verna
Sachem Atalopedes campestris
Arogos Skipper Atrytone arogos
Delaware Skipper Anatrytone logan
Glowing Skipper Anatrytone mazai*
Byssus Skipper Problema byssus
Rare Skipper Problema bulenta
Woodland Skipper Ochlodes sylvanoides
Rural Skipper Ochlodes agricola
Yuma Skipper Ochlodes yuma
Snow's Skipper Paratrytone snowi
Mulberry Wing Poanes massasoit
Hobomok Skipper Poanes hobomok
Zabulon Skipper Poanes zabulon
Taxiles Skipper Poanes taxiles
Aaron's Skipper Poanes aaroni
Yehl Skipper Poanes yehl
Broad-winged Skipper Poanes viator
Umber Skipper Poanes melane
Common Mellana Quasimellana eulogius
Palmetto Skipper Euphyes arpa
Palatka Skipper Euphyes pilatka
Dion Skipper Euphyes dion
Bay Skipper Euphyes bayensis
Dukes' Skipper Euphyes dukesi
Black Dash Euphyes conspicua
Berry's Skipper Euphyes berryi
Two-spotted Skipper Euphyes bimacula
Dun Skipper Euphyes vestris
Monk Skipper Asbolis capucinus
Dusted Skipper Atrytonopsis hianna
Atrytonopsis hianna loammi
Deva Skipper Atrytonopsis deva
Moon-marked Skipper Atrytonopsis lunus
Viereck's Skipper Atrytonopsis vierecki
White-barred Skipper Atrytonopsis pittacus
Python Skipper Atrytonopsis python
Cestus Skipper Atrytonopsis cestus
Sheep Skipper Atrytonopsis edwardsii
Simius Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes simius
Large Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes exoteria
Cassus Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes cassus
Bronze Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes aenus
Linda's Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes linda
Oslar's Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes oslari
Pepper and Salt Skipper Amblyscirtes hegon
Elissa Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes elissa
Texas Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes texanae
Toltec Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes tolteca*
  'Prenda' Toltec Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes tolteca prenda
Lace-winged Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes aesculapius
Carolina Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes carolina
Reversed Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes reversa
Slaty Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes nereus
Nysa Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes nysa
Dotted Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes eos
Common Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes vialis
Celia's Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes celia
Bell's Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes belli
Dusky Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes alternata
Orange-headed Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes phylace
Orange-edged Roadside-Skipper Amblyscirtes fimbriata
Eufala Skipper Lerodea eufala
Violet-clouded Skipper Lerodea arabus*
Olive-clouded Skipper Lerodea dysaules*
Twin-spot Skipper Oligoria maculata
Brazilian Skipper Calpodes ethlius
Salt Marsh Skipper Panoquina panoquin
Obscure Skipper Panoquina panoquinoides
Wandering Skipper Panoquina errans
Ocola Skipper Panoquina ocola
Hecebolus Skipper Panoquina hecebola
Purple-washed Skipper Panoquina sylvicola*
Evans' Skipper Panoquina fusina
Violet-banded Skipper Nyctelius nyctelius
Chestnut-marked Skipper Thespieus macareus

Giant-Skippers   Subfamily Megathyminae

Orange Giant-Skipper Agathymus neumoegeni (includes chisosensis)
Arizona Giant-Skipper Agathymus aryxna*
Agathymus aryxna baueri
Agathymus aryxna gentryi*
Huachuca Giant-Skipper Agathymus evansi
Mary's Giant-Skipper Agathymus mariae
California Giant-Skipper Agathymus stephensi
Coahuila Giant-Skipper Agathymus remingtoni
Poling's Giant-Skipper Agathymus polingi
Mojave Giant-Skipper Agathymus alliae
Yucca Giant-Skipper Megathymus yuccae (includes coloradensis)
Cofaqui Giant-Skipper Megathymus cofaqui (includes harrisi)
Strecker's Giant-Skipper Megathymus streckeri
Ursine Giant-Skipper Megathymus ursus
Manfreda Giant-Skipper Stallingsia maculosa

For subfamily groupings of the Nymphalidae we have followed Harvey (1991).


Extinct Species

Xerces Blue Glaucopsyche xerces

Neotropical species dubiously reported to have occurred naturally in the United States
Parides eurimedes
Battus devilliers
Cuban Kite-Swallowtail Eurytides celadon*
Large White Pieris brassicae*
Apricot Sulphur Phoebis argante*
Eurema chamberlaini
Mexican Cycadian Eumaeus toxea*
Thereus zebina (misidentified marius)
Cyanophrys amyntor
Nogales Metalmark Calephelis dreisbachi*
Euselasia abreas
Lasaia maria*
Chlosyne erodyle
Chlosyne ehrenbergi
Cramer's Eighty-eight Diathria clymena*
Diaethria anna*
Mexican Eighty-eight Diaethria asteria*
Dynamine mylitta
Dynamine tithia*
Mestra cana
Hamadryas fornax
Brownish Cracker Hamadryas iphthime*
Karwinski's Beauty Smyrna karwinskii*
Chestnut Leafwing Anaea echemus*
Opsiphanes boisduvallii*
Morpho peleides*
Hermeuptycia hermes
Greta polissena*
Phocides urania
Polythrix procera
Codatractus melon
Urbanus pronta*
Urbanus albimargo
Astraptes alector
Astraptes galesus
Dyscophellus euribates
Confused Pellicia Pellicia angra*
Staphylus azteca*
Decinea huasteca*
Callimormus saturnus
Choranthus radians
Choranthus haitensis
Hamadryas fornax

*These species are discussed in the Commentary section which can be downloaded.

Copyright © 2001-2012 by the North American Butterfly Association, Inc. All rights reserved.


13 May 2012 / Main Page