[Butterfly Header - North American Butterfly Association]

BUTTERFLY GARDENING - WEST CENTRAL FLORIDA (Bradenton area)

by Marguerite Klem


TOP BUTTERFLY NECTAR FLOWERS

A number in front of a flower name indicates a particularly recommended plant (1 = most recommended). Numbers in "BLOOM SEASON" correspond to the month (4 = April, 5 = May, etc.). Abbreviations: A=alien species, N = native species.


FLOWER HEIGHT COLOR BLOOM
SEASON
ATTRACTED
BUTTERFLIES
COMMENTS
N
Verbenas
   Verbena
6-12"
pink
lavendar
3-11
Gulf Fritillary
Skippers
N
Purple coneflower
   Echinacea purpurea
1-3'
pink
6-10
many
deadhead (remove dead flowers)
A Mexican sunflower
   Tithonia rotundifolia
6'
orange
6-11
many stake stems
N
Seaside goldenrod
   Solidago sempervirens
2-8'
yellow
8-10
Monarch maintains itself
N
Climbing aster
   Aster caroliniensis
6-7'
pale purple
8-11
Gulf Fritillary
Skippers
needs pruning;
attracts more bees


False heather
   Cuphea hyssopifolia
6-12"
lavendar
12-6
Gulf Fritillary requires sun
N
Blue porterweed
   Stachytarpheta jamaicensis
3-5'
blue
all
Gulf Fritillary
Zebra
Skippers

A
Butterfly bush
   Buddleia davidii
6'
pink
purple
all
Giant Swallowtail
Zebra
Gulf Fritillary
Red Admiral
White Peacock
Monarch
Skippers
deadhead (remove dead flowers);
needs water
N
Butterfly weed
   Asclepias tuberosa
1-3'
orange
all
Monarch
Queen

major nectar & caterpillar plant
A
Golden dewdrop
   Duranta repens
to 18'
lavendar
all
Zebra
Giant Swallowtail
Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Sulphurs
Gulf Fritillary
Red Admiral
Monarch
easy to grow;
important nectar source


Hibiscus
   Hibiscus denudatus
10-12'
red
all
Gulf Fritillary
requires sun


Lantana
   Lantana montevidensis
2-3'
lavendar
all
American Snout
Zebra
Gulf Fritillary
Red Admiral
White Peacock
Monarch
Skippers
grows out from center;
prune but always leave some in bloom
A
Malay ixora
   Ixora coccinea
3-4'
red
all
Gulf Fritillary
Monarch
requires sun


Pentas
   Pentas lanceolata
3-5'
red,cerise
lavendar
all
Giant Swallowtail
Sulphurs
Zebra
Gulf Fritillary
Red Admiral
White Peacock
Monarch
Skippers
may be grown as a hedge or
in clumps; may need replanting
every few years
N
Spanish needles
   Bidens alba
3-4'
white
all
Miami Blue
Zebra
Gulf Fritillary
Skippers

A
Stokes aster
   Stokesia laevis
12-18"
purple
blue
all
Zebra
Gulf Fritillary
deadhead (remove dead flowers)





NECTAR FLOWERS THAT DON'T WORK IN THIS REGION

Abbreviations: A = alien species, N = native species.


FLOWER COMMENTS
N Black-eyed Susans(Rudbeckia) no butterflies attracted

Black foot(Melampodium)

Blue sage(Eranthemum pulchellum) pretty cerulean blue but butterflies not attracted

Dwarf pink pentas(Pentas) see "NECTAR FLOWERS" for regular pentas
N Firebush(Hamelia patens) variable; no butterflies attracted in some gardens; but attractive to butterflies in other gardens

Fire spike(Odontonema strictum) no butterflies attracted

Gold lantana(Lantana ouatifolia)
N Indian blanket(Gaillardia pulchella) no butterflies attracted

Mexican sage(Salvia leucantha)
N Partridge pea(Chamaecrista fasciculata) skippers at flowers but no caterpillars on plants
N Ruellia(Ruellia caroliniensis) no butterflies attracted
N Scarlet sage(Salvia coccinea) no butterflies attracted

Van Hout's sage (Salvia vanhoutii)





TOP CATERPILLAR FOOD PLANTS

A number in front of a plant name indicates a particularly recommended plant (1 = most recommended). Abbreviations: A=alien species, N = native species.



NAME HEIGHT BUTTERFLY CATERPILLARS COMMENTS
N 3 Butterfly pea
   Clitoria mariana
vine
Silver-spotted Skipper
Long-tailed Skipper
grow in sun or semi-shade
N 6 Cassias
   Cassia
5-20'
Cloudless Sulphur
Orange-barred Sulphur
fast growing; weak stemmed (stake)
A
Dill
   Anethum graveolens
3-4'
Eastern Black Swallowtail
grow near nectar source such as purple lantana
A
Fennel
   Foeniculum vulgare
3'
Eastern Black Swallowtail
keep moist
A
Grapefruit, lemon
   Citrus maxima, limon
10-30'
Giant Swallowtail remember: do not spray
A 4 Mexican milkweed
   Asclepias curassavica
1-3'
Monarch both caterpillar & nectar source
N 1 Passion vine
   Passiflora incarnata
vine
Zebra
Gulf Fritillary
plant throughout the year
N Passion vine
   Passiflora morifolia
vine
Julia
Gulf Fritillary

N 2 Pipevines
   Aristolochia
vine
Polydamas Swallowtail grow in semi-shade
N
Ruellias
   Ruellia (nudiflora, occidentalis)
1'
White Peacock grow in sun or half sun
N 5 White-flowered milkweed
   Asclepias perennis
2'
Monarch





COMMON BUTTERFLIES FOR YOUR GARDEN & YARD

A number in front of a butterfly indicates a particularly likely species (1 = most expected to be observed). Numbers in "FLIGHT PERIOD" and "CATERPILLAR SEASON" correspond to the month (4 = April, 5 = May, etc.), with < meaning earlier in the month, m the middle of the month, and > late in the month.



NAME
FLIGHT
PERIOD
CATERPILLAR
SEASON
CATERPILLAR
FOOD PLANTS

COMMENTS
3 Pipevine Swallowtail
   Battus philenor
1-12
1-12
pipevines
3 Polydamas Swallowtail
   Battus polydamas
1-12
1-12
pipevines
2 Black Swallowtail
   Papilio polyxenes
1-12
1-12
parsley family (dill)
1 Giant Swallowtail
   Papilio cresphontes
1-12
1-12
citruses
2 Spicebush Swallowtail
   Papilio troilus
3-12
3-12
spicebush, camphor tree, sweet bay, prickly ash
Great Southern White
   Ascia monuste
1-12
1-12
mustard (cabbage) family; nasturtium
2 Cloudless Sulphur
   Phoebis sennae
1-12
1-12
cassias
1 Orange-barred Sulphur
   Phoebis philea
1-12
1-12
cassias

Miami Blue
   Hemiargus thomasi
1-12
1-12
balloon vines
1 Zebra
   Heliconius charitonius
1-12
1-12
passion vines
1 Gulf Fritillary
   Agraulis vanillae
1-12
1-12
passion vines (but red kind not accepted)

Pearl Crescent
   Phyciodes tharos
1-12
1-12
asters
1 Red Admiral
   Vanessa atalanta
4-10
4-9
nettles, false nettles
3 Common Buckeye
   Junonia coenia
1-12
2-11
snapdragons, plantain, ruellias, verbenas
3 White Peacock
   Anartia jatrophae
1-12
2-11
ruellias
1 Monarch
   Danaus plexippus
1-12
1-12
milkweeds breeds year-round, fewer in summer
3 Queen
   Danaus gilippus
1-12
1-12
milkweeds, milkvines

Silver-spotted Skipper
   Epargyreus clarus
1-12
1-12
Butterfly pea, beggar's-ticks

Long-tailed Skipper
   Urbanus proteus
1-12
2-11
Butterfly pea and other legumes

Fiery Skipper
   Hylephila phyleus
1-12
1-12
Bermuda grass





LOCAL & UNUSUAL BUTTERFLIES FOR YOUR GARDEN & YARD

Numbers in "FLIGHT PERIOD" and "CATERPILLAR SEASON" correspond to the month (4 = April, 5 = May, etc.), with < meaning earlier in the month, m the middle of the month, and > late in the month.



NAME
FLIGHT
PERIOD
CATERPILLAR
SEASON
CATERPILLAR
FOOD PLANTS
COMMENTS
none to list.





GENERAL COMMENTS ABOUT GARDENING IN THIS REGION

USDA ZONE: 10

   The soil is sandy; gardens can be enriched with potting soil and mulch. The summer heat and high humidity is continuous from July through September, with afternoon showers in summer.

Copyright © 1996 by the North American Butterfly Association, Inc. All rights reserved.


13 Mar 1999 / Main Page