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A Compilation of Hugh Avery Freeman's
Unusual and Interesting Skipper records
from the Lower Rio Grande Valley

Andrew Warren posted the following compilation of Hugh Avery Freeman's important Skipper records from the lower Rio Grande Valley to the Leps-Listserv.

-----Original Message-----
From: Andrew Warren [mailto:warrena@mail.science.orst.edu]
Sent: Wednesday, January 09, 2002 11:41 PM
To: Chris J. Durden
Cc: leps-l@lists.yale.edu;
Subject: Re: Lower Rio Grande Rarities

In response to Chris' challenge to post records for rarities from the lower RGV, here is what I can contribute. I have never been in the region, but I am good friends with a collector who lived in Pharr [Hidalgo Co., TX] in the 1940's.

While many of Hugh Avery Freeman's unusual and interesting records are published, these records are widely scattered, and some interesting records have not been published.

In June, 1998, Avery gave me the majority of his USA skipper collection (his Mexican skipper collection, as well as his collection of Megathyminae, were donated to the American Museum of Natural History long ago), including the material from the lower RGV listed below. All are skippers, and all are in my collection (for now anyway- they will all end up in a public collection sooner than later). I have not repeated Avery's name as the collector for each record (all are collected by Hugh Avery Freeman, unless indicated otherwise).

Most of the interesting records from Pharr are from when Avery and his family lived in the valley (Avery is currently living in Garland, outside of Dallas).

If anyone has questions / problems with the taxonomy used below, please send me a private message.

Proteides mercurius mercurius
1 near fresh male
Pharr, 25-IV-1945

Chioides zilpa
1 fresh female
Pharr, 19-IX-1947

Aguna asander asander
1 somewhat worn female
Pharr, 22-VIII-1945

Typhedanus undulatus
1 fresh female missing both tails
Pharr, 19-IX-1947

Polythrix octomaculata
1 fresh male missing both tails
Pharr, 10-III-1945

Urbanus doryssus
1 worn male
Pharr, 11-III-1945

Astraptes alector hopfferi
1 somewhat worn female PARATYPE of Astraptes gilberti
Pharr, 21-X-1944

Astraptes anaphus annetta
1 nearly fresh female
Pharr, 9-IX-1944

Cabares potrillo potrillo
1 fresh female
Pharr, 2-XI-1947

Celaenorrhinus fritzgaertneri
1 nearly fresh male
Pharr, 20-II-1945
Avery told me that this specimen was collected from inside the gymnasium at the school where he taught. I regularly find this species under highway culverts in Mexico...

Celaenorrhinus stallingsi
1 fresh female
Pharr, 8-XI-1944
Collected by Louise Freeman (Avery's wife) off garden flowers while Avery was at work.

Spathilepia clonius
1 nearly fresh male
Pharr, 2-XI-1947

Cogia calchas (maybe not a rarity, but just for the record)
2 fresh females
Pharr, 29-IX-1946, 7-IV-1948

Cogia outis
1 fresh female
Brownsville, 14-X-1974, J. B. Vernon

Nisoniades rubescens
1 somewhat worn male
Pharr, 23-X-1945

Gorgythion begga pyralina
1 nearly fresh female
Pharr, 31-III-1946

Carrhenes canescens
1 fresh male
Pharr, 5-V-1945
1 fresh female
Pharr, 16-II-1945

Grais stigmaticus stigmaticus
1 fresh male
Pharr, 22-VIII-1945
1 nearly fresh female
Pharr, 23-VIII-1945
1 somewhat worn male (not from the valley, but of interest anyway)
Dallas, Dallas Co., 15-IX-1956

Timochares ruptifasciatus
1 fresh female
Brownsville, 29-VIII-1944
1 fresh male
Pharr, 21-X-1944

Synapte pecta (often listed as a ssp. of malitiosa)
4 fresh males and 7 fresh females
Brownsville, XI-1946, VIII-1946
Pharr, V-1945, VIII-1945, X-1944

Vidius perigenes
2 fresh females
T-100 Roadside Park, Cameron Co., 28-III-1964, R. O. Kendall
2 fresh males
6.5 mi E Los Fresnos, Cameron Co., 25-VI-1964

Monca tyrtaeus
2 fresh males, 2 fresh females
Pharr, III, V-1946

Nastra julia
1 female PARATYPE
Pharr, 1-I-1945
1 male PARATYPE
Pharr, 2-I-1945
1 female PARATYPE
Pharr, 28-I-1945
1 male and 1 female PARATYPES
San Marcos, 13-VI-1940
1 male PARATYPE
Uvalde, 31-V-1942

Cymaenes trebius (often listed as a ssp. of odilia)
1 fresh male, 1 fresh female
Pharr, 4-V-1946

Decinea percosius
2 fresh males, 1 somewhat worn female
Southmost, 4-IV-1948 (males), 7-IV-1948 (female)

Perichares philetes adela
1 nearly fresh male
Pharr, 9-XII-1944

not from the lower RGV, but of interest?:
Adopaeodes prittwitzi
1 fresh male
12 mi N Alpine, TX, on Rd. 118, 25-VIII-1961, W. S. McAlpine [ok, it looks a bit like Calephelis...]
1 fresh female
same spot, 11-VI-1949
1 worn female
same spot, 22-IX-1950, Joe Elkins

Anatrytone mazai
1 fresh male PARATYPE
Laredo, Webb Co., TX, 2-VI-1935

Anatrytone logan lagus
1 nearly fresh male
Brownsville, 5-VI-1940

Quasimellana eulogius
1 fresh male
Brownsville, 28-XI-1947
1 fresh male
Brownsville, 18-XI-1951

Lerodea arabus (= dysaules)
1 fresh female
Brownsville, 13-XI-1963
1 fresh female
Brownsville, 18-XI-1951

Panoquina lucas (=sylvicola)
1 fresh female
Pharr, 12-X-1946
1 fresh male
Pharr, 15-X-1944

Panoquina panoquinoides
3 fresh males and two fresh females
6.5 mi E Los Fresnos, 2-VIII-1964

Panoquina evansi
1 fresh female
Pharr, 2-XI-1947
1 fresh male
Pharr, 12-X-1946

Panoquina hecebolus
1 fresh pair
Pharr, 15-X-1944
1 fresh male
Pharr, 16-IX-1944

Nyctelius nyctelius
1 fresh female
Pharr, 15-IX-1945
1 fresh male
Pharr, 9-IX-1944

and one final record, a unique record for the USA (see News of the Lepidopterists' Society 39(3):41,60 for details and color photos):
Urbanus belli
1 fresh male
Brownsville, 23-VI-1968, collector unknown (specimen in American Museum of Natural History)

I hope this will be of some use to some of you...

Best,

Andy Warren

---------------------------------------------------

To which Paul Opler replied:

-----Original Message-----

From: paul opler [mailto:paulevi@webaccess.net]
Sent: Thursday, January 10, 2002 11:14 AM
To: Andrew Warren; Chris J. Durden
Cc: leps-l@lists.yale.edu;
Subject: Re: Lower Rio Grande Rarities

Thanks much Andy,

This is important documentation. It will be useful in preparing various lists and documents, books etc.
Thanks much!

Paul


14 Jan 2002 / Main South Texas Page