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Butterfly Bibliography

Compiled by Mike Quinn

 

 

BUTTERFLY IDENTIFICATION:

Banks, J., & L.R. Hernandez. 2004. Butterflies in Close-up; in the Valley of the Rio Grande. 45 minute video.

Bordelon, C. & E. Knudson., 2002. Illustrated Checklist of the Lepidoptera of the Lower Rio Grande Valley, Part 1 : Butterflies. Houston, Privately printed. viii, 84 pp. 20 plates.

Brock, J.P. & K. Kaufman. 2003. Focus Guide to Butterflies of North AmericaHoughton Mifflin Co., Boston. 384 pp. .

Glassberg, J. 2001. Butterflies through Binoculars, The West. Oxford Univ. Press., New York. 352 pp.

Glassberg, J, 2007, A Swift Guide to the Butterflies of Mexico and Central America. Sunstreak Books, Inc 266 pp..

Howe, W.H. editor, 1975. Butterflies of North America. Doubleday and Co., Garden City, NY. 633 pp.

Klots, A.B. 1951. A Field Guide to the Butterflies of North America East of the Great Plains. Houghton Mifflin, Boston. 349 pp.

Minno, M.C., J.F. Butler, & D.W. Hall. (in press). Field Guide to Florida Butterfly Caterpillars and Their Host Plants. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

Neck, R. W. 1996. A Field Guide to the Butterflies on Texas. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston. 323 pp.

Opler, P.A. 1992. A Field Guide to Eastern Butterflies. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 396 pp. 

Pyle, R. M. 1981. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies. Alfred A. Knoph, New York. 916 pp. 

Scott, J.A. 1986. The Butterflies of North America, a Natural History and Field Guide. Stanford University Press, Stanford. 583 pp. 

Tveten, J.L. & G. Tveten. 1996. Butterflies of Houston and southeast Texas. University of Texas Press, Austin. 292 pp. 


Latin American Butterfly Field Guides

Mexico / Central America / South America / Caribbean / Neotropical Region


GARDENING GUIDES:

Ajilvsgi, G. 1990. Butterfly Gardening for the South. Taylor Publishing Co., Dallas. 342 pp. 

Minno, M.C. & M.F. Minno. 1999. Florida Butterfly Gardening. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. 210 pp.

Wasowski, S. 1997. Native Texas Plants, Landscaping Region by Region. Texas Monthly Press, Austin. 406 pp.

Xerces Society. 1990. Butterfly Gardening: Creating Summer Magic in your Garden. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco. 


NECTAR AND HOST PLANT IDENTIFICATION:

Everitt, J.H. & D. L. Drawe 1993. Trees, Shrubs and Cacti of south Texas. Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock. 213 pp. 

Lonard, R.I., J.H. Everitt & F. W. Judd. 1991. Woody Plants of the Lower Rio Grande Valley. Texas Memorial Museum, Austin. 179 pp.

Richardson, A. 1995. Plants of the Rio Grande Delta. University of Texas Press, Austin. 332 pp. 94 plates.

Landscape Uses and Identification - Native Plant Project


TEXAS BUTTERFLY BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Aaron, E.M. & S.F. Aaron [1895]. List of a collection of diurnal Lepidoptera from southern Texas. Papilio 4(9-10):172-182.

Aaron, S. 1884. Collecting on the Gulf Coast of southern Texas. Papilio 4:159-161.

Adams, J.K. 1984. An old first United States record finally published: Papilio victorinus (Papilionidae) in Laredo, Texas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 37(4):3-18.

Anonymous. 2000a. Groundbreaking for National Butterfly Center. American Butterflies 8(2):34-35.

Anonymous. 2000b. Run, don't walk, for stray adventures. American Butterflies 8(1):43.

Austin, G.T., J.P. Brock & O.H.H. Mielke. 1993. Ants, birds and skippers. Tropical Lepidoptera 2(suppl. 2):1-11.

Boggs, C.L. & L.E. Gilbert. 1987. Spatial and temporal distribution of Lantana mites phoretic on butterflies. Biotropica 19:301-305.

Bordelon, C.W., Jr. 1991. A note about an important observation. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 1991(4):58.

Bordelon, C.W., Jr., & E. Knudson. 2000. New records of Lepidoptera from Texas and the USA, and illustrations of other interesting species. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 42(1):3-7, 19.

Bordelon, C. & E. Knudson. 2002. The Mimic, Hypolimnas misippus (L.), in Texas. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 44(1):25,30.

Bordelon, C. & E. Knudson. 2003. Anastrus sempiternus, Butler & Druce, a new record for Texas and the USA. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 45(1):5,7.

Bowers M.D, R.C. Crabtree, S.P. Harrison, C. Sobrevilla, M. Wells & L.M. Wolfe. 1987. Predation on adults of Anartia fatima (Fab). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 41:75-76.

Brower, L.P., J.V.Z. Brower, & F.P. Cranston. 1965. Courtship behavior of the queen butterfly, Danaus gilippus berenice (Cramer). Zoologica 50:1-39.

Burns, J.M. 2001. Pyrgus communis and Pyrgus albescens (Hesperiidae) are separate transcontinental species with variable but diagnostic valves. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 54(2):52-71.

Calhoun, J.V. 1996. Conquering soldiers: the successful invasion of Florida by Danaus eresimus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Holarctic Lepidoptera 3:7-18. [Figs 4-7] [Figs 8-12]

Carter, G., E. Cavazos, D. Hanson, & E. Thompson. 2002. Digital photography, four views from the Valley. American Butterflies. 10(2):26-34.

Chuah, H.H. & D.S. Cushing. 1995. Eurema albula (Pieridae) and Anthanassa argentea (Nymphalidae): new records for the United States (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Tropical Lepidoptera 6(1):43-44.

Clench, H.K. 1972. A review of the genus Lasaia (Riodinidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 10(2):149-180.

Cordero, C. 1993. The courtship behavior of Callophrys xami (Lycaenidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 32:99-106.

Cordero, C., R. Macías & G. Jiménez. 1996(2000).  The number of copulations of territorial males of the butterfly Callophrys xami (Lycaenidae).  Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 35:78-89.  

Freeman, H.A. 1949. Notes on some tropical American skippers (Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera, Hesperiidae). Field & Laboratory 17:75-81.

Freeman, H.A. 1951. Ecological and systematic study of the Hesperioidea of Texas. Southern Methodist University Studies 6:1-67.

Friedlander, T. 1984a. Another look at snout butterflies (Libytheidae: Libytheana). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38(2):139-141.

Friedlander, T.P., 1984b. Insect parasites and predators of hackberry butterflies (Nymphalidae: Asterocampa). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38(1):60-61.

Friedlander, T.P. 1985(86). Egg mass design relative to surface-parasitizing parasitoids, with notes on Asterocampa clyton (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 24(3):250-257.

Friedlander, T. 1986(87). Taxonomy, phylogeny, and biogeography of Asterocampa Röber 1916 (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Apaturinae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 25(4):217-337.

Gilbert, L.E. 1969. On the ecology of natural dispersal: Dione moneta in Texas (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 23:177-185.

Gilbert, L.E. 1985. Ecological factors which influence migratory behavior in two butterflies of the semi-arid shrublands of South Texas. Pp. 724-747 in: Rankin, M.A. editors. Migration: Mechanisms and Adaptive Significance. University of Texas, Port Aransas.

Glassberg, J. 1997. Go Get Set On Your Marks: White-Skippers. American Butterflies 5(4):32-35.

Glassberg, J. 1998. Go Get Set On Your Marks: Black-eyed blues. American Butterflies 6(2):34-36.

Glassberg, J. 1999. Metalmarks of the Lower Rio Grande Valley. American Butterflies 7(1):22-27.

Glassberg, J. 2001. Go Get Set On Your Marks: Cracking the Code. American Butterflies 9(4):16-27.

Glassberg, J. 2002. Go Get Set On Your Marks: Yellows part 1. American Butterflies 10(1):12-23.

Glassberg, J. 2002. Go Get Set On Your Marks: Yellows part 2. American Butterflies 10(4):24-33.

Glick, P.A. 1957. Collecting insects by airplane in southern Texas. Technical Bulletin No. 1158.U.S. Department of Agriculture. 28 pp.

Haddad, N.M. (1999): Corridor and distance effects on interpatch movements: A landscape experiment with butterflies. Ecological Applications 9: 612-622.

Hafernik, J.E. 1992. Threats to invertebrate biodiversity: implications for conservation strategies. in:  Fiedler, P.L. & S.K. Jain, editors. Conservation Biology : The theory and practice of nature conservation, preservation and management. Chapman and Hall, New York.

Hanson, D.J., E. Knudson & C. Bordelon. 2003. Phocides belus Godman & Salvin (Hesperiidae), new to US and Texas; with a review of Phocides & similar species of the USA & northern Mexico. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 45(2):37, 41-43.

Haskin, J.R. & F. Grinnell. 1911. Thecla clytie, leda, ines (Lepidoptera). Entomological News 22.

Heitzman, J.R. 1970. A new U.S. butterfly record and a migration of Eunica monima in Texas. Mid-Cont. Lepid. Series 12:10-11.

Heitzman, J.R. & R.L. Heitzman. 1973. New Butterfly Records for the United States (Hesperiidae & Libytheidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 10(4):284-286.

Jenkins, D.W. 1983. Neotropical Nymphalidae I. Revision of Hamadryas. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 81:1-146.

Jenkins, D.W. 1984a. Hamadryas in the United States (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 38(3):171-175.

Jenkins, D.W. 1984b. Neotropical Nymphalidae III. Revision of Myscelia. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 87:1-64.

Jenkins, D.W. 1990. Neotropical Nymphalidae VIII. Revision of Eunica. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 131:1-177.

Kawahara, A.Y. 2001. Systematics of the snout butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Libytheinae) with an emphasis on morphology. Entomology Department Honors Thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. 161 pp.

Kendall R.O. 1959. More larval foodplants from Texas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 13(4):221-228.

Kendall, R.O. 1961. Another larval foodplant from Texas for Antigonus pulverulenta. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 15(1):73-74.

Kendall, R.O. 1964a. Larval food plants for twenty-six species of Rhopalocera (Papilionoidea) from Texas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 18(3):129-157.

Kendall, R.O. 1965. Larval food plants and distribution notes for twenty-four Texas Hesperiidae. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 19(1):1-32.

Kendall, R.O. 1966. Larval food plants and distributional notes for three Texas Hesperiidae. Journal fo the Lepidopterists' Society 20(4):229-232.

Kendall R.O. 1970a. Three hairstreaks new to Texas and the United States. Journal of Lepidopterists' Society 24(1):59-61.

Kendall R.O. 1970b. Lerema ancillaris (Hesperiidae) new to Texas and the United States. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 25:266.

Kendall R.O. 1972. Three butterfly species (Lycaenidae, Nymphalidae, and Heliconiidae) new to Texas and the United States. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 26(1):49-56.

Kendall, R.O. 1974a. Confirmation of Rhopalocera (Pieridae, Nymphalidae) previously recorded for Texas and the United States. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 28(3):249-252.

Kendall, R.O. 1975. Larval foodplants for seven species of hairstreaks (Lycaenidae) from Mexico. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 24:1-4.

Kendall, R.O. 1976a. Larval foodplants and life history notes for some metalmarks (Lepidoptera: Riodinidae) from Mexico and Texas. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 32:1-12.

Kendall, R.O. 1976b. Larval foodplants for thirty species of skippers (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae) from Mexico. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 33:1-?.

Kendall, R.O. 1978. Periodic occurrence on Urania fulgens (Uraniidae) in the United States Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 32(4):307-309.

Kendall, R.O., & W.W. McGuire. 1984. Some new and rare records of Lepidoptera found in Texas. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 86:1-50.

Linter, J.A. 1884. On some Rio Grande Lepidoptera. Papilio 4(7-8):135-147. 

Lipes, J.E., 1961. More butterfly records from Brownsville, Texas, including a foodplant of Phocides polybius (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 15:114.

Mallet, J. 1986b. Gregarious roosting and home range in Heliconius butterflies. National Geographic Research 2:198-251.

Masters, J.H. 1970. Distributional notes on the genus Mestra (Nymphalidae) in North America. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 24(3):203-208.

McAlpine, W.S. 1971. A revision of the butterfly genus Calephelis (Riodinidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 10(1):1-125.

McGuire, W.W. 1982. New oviposition and larval hostplant records for North American Hesperia (Rhopalocera: Hesperiidae). Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 72:1-?.

McGuire, W.W. & M.A. Richard. 1974. An annotated checklist of the butterflies of Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State park and vicinity. Texas Parks & Wildlife Department. mimeograph pp 1-22.

McGuire, W.W. & M.A. Rickard. 1976. New Hesperiidae records for Texas and the United States. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 30(1):5-11.

Minno, M.C., J.F. Butler, & D.W. Hall. (in press). Field Guide to Florida Butterfly Caterpillars and Their Host Plants. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.

Minno, M.C. & M.F. Minno. 1999. Florida Butterfly Gardening. University Press of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. 210 pp.

Monge-Nájera, J. & F. Hernández 1991. A morphological search for the sound mechanism of Hamadryas butterflies (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Journal of the Research on the Lepidoptera 30(3-4):196-208.

Myers, J.H. 1968. Olfaction and courtship behavior of the Florida queen butterfly. Master's thesis, Tufts University, Medford.

Neck, R.W. 1976a. Factors affecting the occurrence of Melanis pixe (Riodinidae) in extreme southern Texas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 30:69-70.

Neck, R.W. 1976b. Summer monarch (Danaus plexippus) in southern Texas (Danaidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 30:137.

Neck, R.W. 1977a. Effects of 1933 hurricanes on butterflies of central and southern Texas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 31:67-68.

Neck, R.W. 1977b. Foodplant ecology of the butterfly Chlosyne lacinia (Geyer) Nymphalidae; II. Additional larval food plant data. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 16(2):69-74.

Neck, R.W.1977c. Foodplant ecology of the butterfly Chlosyne lacinia (Geyer) (Nymphalidae) III. Adult resources. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 16 (3):147-154.

Neck, R.W. 1978a. Bionomic notes on the blood-spot skipper (Hesperiidae: Phocides lilea sanguinea (Scudder)). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 32:107-110.

Neck, R.W. 1978. Climatic regimes resulting in unusual occurrences of Rhopalocera in central Texas in 1968. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 32:111-115.

Neck, R.W. 1981(83). Role of an ornamental plant species in extending the breeding range of a tropical skipper to subtropical Southern Texas (Hesperiidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 20(3):129-132. 

Neck, R.W. 1982. Leaf selection for oviposition sites by a tropical skipper butterfly. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 35:240-242.

Neck, R.W. 1983a. Causal analysis of a migration of the snout butterfly. Libytheana bachmanii larvata (Strecker) (Libytheidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 37(2):121-128.

Neck, R.W. 1983b. Significance of visits of hackberry butterflies (Nymphalidae: Asterocampa) to flowers. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 37(4):269-274.

Neck, R.W. 1984. On the origin of snout butterflies (Libytheana bachmanii larvata, Libytheidae) in a 1978 migration  in south Texas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38(4):319-322.

North American Butterfly Association. 1993. English names for butterflies found in Texas. American Butterflies 2(1):29-35.

Opler, P.A. 1995a. Conservation and management of butterfly diversity in North America. in: A.S. Pullin, editor. Ecology and Conservation of Butterflies. Chapman and Hall, London.

Opler, P.A. 1995b. Presidential address 1994: Studying butterfly behavior with a camera. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 49(1):1-5.

Pliske, T.E. 1968. Chemical communication in the courtship of the queen butterfly. Ph.D. dissertation, Cornell University, Ithaca.

Pollard, E. 1977. A method for assessing changes in the abundance of butterflies. Biological Conservation 12:115-134.

Pollard, E. 1982. Monitoring butterfly abundance in relation to the management of a nature reserve. Biological Conservation 24:317-328.

Pollard, E. & T.J. Yates. 1993. Monitoring butterflies for ecology and conservation. Chapman and Hall, London.

Pyle, R. M. 1978(81). International problems in insect conservation. Atala 6(1-2):56-58. 

Pyle, R.M., M. Bentzien, & P. Opler. 1981. Insect conservation. Annual Review of Entomology 26: 233-259.

Quinn. M. 2001. Meeting Report: 6th annual Texas butterfly festival. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 43 (4): 116-117.

Quinn, M.A. & J. Glassberg. 1999. Definitive destinations: Santa Ana NWR, Hidalgo Co. Texas. American Butterflies 7 (1): 28-38.

Quinn, M. & M. Klym. 2002, 2003. An introduction to butterfly watching. Texas Parks & Wildlife Press. 44 pp. 

Raguso, R.A. & J. Llorente-Bousquets 1990(91). The Butterflies (Lepidoptera) of the Tuxtlas Mts., Veracruz, Mexico, Revisited: Species-Richness and Habitat Disturbance. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 29 (1-2):105-133.

Rickard, M.A.1993. Destination: Bentsen-Rio Grande Valley State Park, Mission, TX. American Butterflies 1(2):4-9.

Robbins, R.K. 1982. How many butterfly species? News of the Lepidopterists' Society 40-41.

Robbins, R.K. & P.A. Opler. 1996. Butterfly Diversity and a Preliminary Comparison with Bird and Mammal Diversity. in: M.L. Reaka-Kudla, D.E. Wilson, and E.O. Wilson, Editors; 1997. Biodiversity II: Understanding and Protecting Our Biological Resources. Joseph Henry Press, Washington, DC.

Ross, G.N. 1964. Life history studies on Mexican butterflies. Journal of Research on Lepidoptera 3(4):207-229.

Ross, G.N. 1975. An ecological study of the butterflies of the Sierra de Tuxtla in Veracruz, Mexico (cont.) The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 14(2):103-124.

Ross, G.N. 1975. An ecological study of the butterflies of the Sierra de Tuxtla in Veracruz, Mexico (cont.) The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 14(3):169-188.

Ross, G.N. 1975. An ecological study of the butterflies of the Sierra de Tuxtla in Veracruz, Mexico (cont.) The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 14(4):233-252.

Ross, G.N. 1976. An ecological study of the butterflies of the Sierra de Tuxtla in Veracruz, Mexico (cont.) The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 15(1):41-60.

Ross, G.N. 1976. An ecological study of the butterflies of the Sierra de Tuxtla in Veracruz, Mexico (cont.) The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 15(2):109-128.

Ross, G.N. 1975. An ecological study of the butterflies of the Sierra de Tuxtla in Veracruz, Mexico (cont.) The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 15(3):185-200.

Ross, G.N. 1975. An ecological study of the butterflies of the Sierra de Tuxtla in Veracruz, Mexico (cont.) The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 15(4):225-240.

Ross, G.N. 1975. An ecological study of the butterflies of the Sierra de Tuxtla in Veracruz, Mexico (cont.) The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 16(2):87-130.

Rutowski, R.L. 1977. The use of visual cues in sexual and species discrimination by males of the small sulphur butterfly Eurema lisa (Lepidoptera, Pieridae). Journal of Comparative Physiology 115:61-74.

Rutowski, R.L. 1981. Sexual discrimination using visual cues in the checkered white butterfly (Pieris protodice). Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie 55:325-334.

Rutowski, R.L. 1981(83). Courtship behavior of the Dainty Sulfur Butterfly, Nathalis iole with a description of a new, faculative [sic] male display (Pieridae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 20(3):161-169.

Rutowski, R.L. 1983(84). Courtship leading to copulation in the Cloudless Sulphur, Phoebis sennae (Pieridae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 22(4):249-253.

Rutowski, R.L. 1984. Sexual selection and the evolution of butterfly mating behavior.  Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 23 (2):125-142.

Rutowski, R.L. 1991. Temporal and spatial overlap in the mate-locating behavior of two species of Junonia (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Research on the Lepidoptera 30(3-4):267-271.

Rutowski, R.L., , J.L. Dickinson & Barbara Terkanian. 1991. Behavior of male desert hackberry butterflies, Asterocampa leilia (Nymphalidae) at Perching Sites used in Mate Location. Journal of the Research on the Lepidoptera 30(1-2):129-139.

Rutowski, R. & G.W. Gilchrist. 1987(1988). Male Mate-Locating Behavior in the Desert Hackberry Butterfly, Asterocampa leilia (Nymphalidae). Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 26(1-4):1-12.

Rutowski, R.L. & J. Schaefer. 1984. Courtship behavior of the gulf fritillary, Agraulis vanillae (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38(1):23-31.

Scott, J.A. 1974b. Mate-locating behavior of butterflies. American Midland Naturalist 91:103-117.

Scott, J.A. 1975a. Mate-locating of the western North American butterflies. The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 14 (1):1-40.

Scott, J.A. 1975b. Variability of courtship of the Buckeye butterfly, Precis coenia (Nymphalidae). The Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 14(3):142-147.

Scriber, J.M., M.H. Evans & RC. Lederhouse 1988(89). Hybridization of the Mexican tiger swallowtail, Papilio alexiares garcia (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) with other P. glaucus group species and survival of pure and hybrid larvae on potential host plants. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 27(3-4):222-232.

Sill, S. 2003. National Butterfly Center: A dream is becoming a reality for a butterfly park dedicated to education, conservation & research of wild butterflies. American Butterflies 11(2):4-13.

Singer, M.C. & L.E. Gilbert 1978. Ecology of butterflies in the urbs and suburbs. Pp. 1-11. in: Perspectives in Urban Entomology. Academic Press, New York. 

Smiley J.T. 1978. The host plant ecology of Heliconius butterflies in Northeastern Costa Rica. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas, Austin.

Snow, F.H. 1905. Some results of the University of Kansas entomological expeditions to Galveston and Brownsville, Texas, in 1904 and 1905. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 20(1):136-154.

Stallings, D.B. & J.R. Turner. 1946. Texas Lepidoptera (Rhopalocera: Papilionoidea). Entomological News 57(2):44-49.

Stallings, D.B. & J.R. Turner. 1947. Texas Lepidoptera with description of a new subspecies. Entomological News 58(2):36-41.

Stamp, N.E., 1980. Egg deposition patterns in butterflies: why do some species cluster their eggs rather than deposit them singly? American Naturalist 115:367-380.

Stamp, N.E. 1983. Overwintering aggregations of hackberry caterpillars (Asterocampa clyton: Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 37(2):145.

Stamp, N.E. 1984. Foraging behavior of tawny emperor caterpillars (Nymphalidae: Asterocampa clyton). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 38(3):186-191.

Swengel, A.B. 1990. Monitoring butterfly populations using the Fourth of July butterfly count. American Midland Naturalist 124: 395-406.

Tilden, J.W. 1964. Two species of hesperiidae previously unrecorded from the United States. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 18(4):214-216.

Tilden, J.W. 1965. A note on Pyrgus communis and  Pyrgus albescens (Hesperiidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 19(2):91-94.

Tilden, J.W. 1974. Unusual and interesting butterfly records from Texas. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 28(1):22-25.

Thomas, J.A., 1983. A quick method for estimating butterfly numbers during surveys. Biological Conservation 27: 195-211.

Thomas, J. A. 1984. The conservation of butterflies in temperate countries: past efforts and lessons for the future, P p. 333-353 in: Vane-Wright, R.I. & P.R. Ackery, editors. The Biology of Butterflies. Princeton University Press, Princeton.

Turner, J.R.G. 1975. Communal roosting in relation to warning color in two heliconiine butterflies (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 29: 221-226.

Turner, T.W. & J.R. Parnell. 1985. The identification of two species of Junonia Hubner (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): J. evarete and J. genoveva in Jamaica. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 24(2):142-153

Tyler, H.A., K.S. Brown, Jr. & K.H. Wilson. 1994. Swallowtail butterflies of the Americas: A study in biological dynamics, ecological diversity, biosystematics, and conservation. Scientific Publishers, Gainesville. 376 pp.

Usher, M.B. 1988. Biological invasions of nature reserves: a search for generalizations. Biological Conservation 44:119-135.

Van Hook, T. 1997. Insect coloration and implications for conservation. Florida Entomologist 80(2):193-210.

Venables, B.A. & E.M. Barrows. 1985. Skippers: Pollinators or nectar thieves? Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 39(4):299–312.

Walker, T.J. 2001. Butterfly migrations in Florida: Seasonal patterns and long-term changes. Environmental Entomology 30(6):1052-1060.

Waller, D.A.& L.E. Gilbert. 1982. Roost recruitment and resource utilization: Observations on a Heliconius charitonia L. roost in Mexico (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 36(3):178-184.

Warren, A.D. 1996. Phylogenetic revision of the skippers of the mithridates species group, and their replacement in Eantis Boisduval, 1836 (Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae: Pyrginae). Entomology Department Honors Thesis, Cornell University, Ithaca. 188 pp., 39 pls.

Warren, A.D. 1997. Urbanus belli (Hesperiidae: Pyrginae): a new record for the United States. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 39(3):41-60.

Warren, A.D., D.J. Hanson, E. Knudson & C. Bordelon. 2003. Achlyodes pallida (Hesperiidae): A New Record for the U.S. States. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 45(4):128-131.

Watts, J.R. & D.H. Habeck. 1991. Immature stages of Anthanassa texana seminole (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Tropical Lepidoptera 2(2):103-106.

Wauer, R. 2003. Rare & Unusual Texas Butterfly Records. News of the Lepidopterists' Society 45(1):5-6, 9.

Whitehead, D. R. & A.G. Wheeler, Jr. 1990. What is an immigrant arthropod? Annals of the Entomological Society of America 83:9-14.

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