New Jersey Butterflies

Baltimore Checkerspot

Euphydryas phaeton

Identification: Medium—2.1". Above: FW and HW mostly black but with orange marginal bands on both wings, many white check marks, and orange basal spots. Below: FW and HW checked black and white with large orange basal spots and orange band on wing margins.

NJ Status and Distribution: Resident. Uncommon and very local in the northern counties (Sussex, Warren, Morris, and northern Somerset). Has seriously declined in much of its range. Formerly reported from almost every county.

NJ Range Map-Baltimore Checkerspot

Habitat: Mostly open, sunny, wet meadows, but sometimes in upland fields. Rarely visits gardens.

Flight Period: One brood, early June to early August. Extreme dates: 6/2—8/2.

Larval Food Plants: Young larvae feed on Turtlehead (Chelone glabra), a native wetland plant. After overwintering, larvae feed on a wide variety of plants including plantains (Plantago), ash (Fraxinus), viburnums, penstemon, and honeysuckle (Lonicera).

Overwintering Stage: 4th-instar larva.

Best Locations: Appalachian Trail Lands (Vernon).

Comments: In flight this species appears very dark and not very exciting. But be sure to follow it until it lands as only then will you appreciate its striking colors.



Baltimore Checkerspot

Appalachian Trail Lands (Canal Rd.), Sussex Co., NJ, 6/30/02, on Canada Thistle.


Baltimore Checkerspot

Appalachian Trail Lands (Canal Rd.), Sussex Co., NJ, 6/16/04.


Baltimore Checkerspot

Laying a batch of eggs on the underside of a turtlehead (Chelone glabra) leaf, Walpack, Sussex County, 7/4/17.


Baltimore Checkerspot larva

Late instar larva.


Baltimore Checkerspot

Chrysalis, Walpack, Sussex County, 7/4/17.


White Turtlehead

White Turtlehead (Chelone glabra), which is the host plant for young caterpillars of Baltimore Checkerspot.