Gardening for Butterflies
 
BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME NECTAR RATING LARVAL HOST FOR LANDSCAPE SUN/SHADE TYPE
Achillea millefolium Yarrow good
 
fair sun herb
Anethum graveolens Fernleaf Dill fair Black Swallowtail fair sun herb
Anisacanthus wrightii Flame Acanthus good Texas Crescent excellent sun Hill Country native
Aquilegia canadensis Columbine fair
 
very good shade Hill Country native
Aristolochia spp. Pipevines fair Pipevine Swallowtail fair shade native vine
Arundinaria gigantea Giant Cane none (grass) Pearly-eyes excellent shade native grass
Asclepias curassavica Mexican Milkweed excellent Monarch, Queen good sun perennial, aphid-prone
Asclepias tuberosa Butterfly-weed excellent Monarch, Queen very good sun perennial
Asimina parvifolia Dwarf Pawpaw fair Zebra Swallowtail excellent part shade understory tree
Asimina triloba Pawpaw fair Zebra Swallowtail excellent part shade understory tree
Bauhinia variegata Orchid-tree good
 
excellent part shade tropical tree
Berlandiera lyrata Chocolate Daisy excellent
 
fair sun native perennial
Buddleia davidii Butterfly-bush excellent
 
excellent sun shrub
Cardamine bulbosa Spring Cress good Falcate Orangetip excellent part shade native perennial
Castilleja indivisa Indian Paintbrush good
 
excellent sun native perennial
Celtis laevigata Sugarberry excellent Emperors, Question Mark fair sun native tree
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush excellent
 
good wet sun native semi-aquatic
Cirsium sp. Thistle excellent Painted Lady, Little Metalmark fair sun native biennial
Clematis pitcheri Leatherflower good
 
good part sun native vine
Clerodendrum trichotomum Harlequin Glory-Bower excellent
 
very good sun-part shade subtropical small tree
Coreopsis grandiflora Tickseed fair
 
excellent sun native perennial
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf Coreopsis fair
 
excellent sun native perennial
Coreopsis tinctoria Golden Wave fair
 
excellent sun native perennial
Croton capitatus Goatweed fair Goatweed Leafwing fair sun native perennial
Dracopis amplexicaulis Clasping-leaf Coneflower good
 
fair sun native perennial
Echinacea angustifolia Purple Coneflower excellent
 
excellent sun-part shade native perennial
Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower excellent
 
excellent sun-part shade native perennial
Echinacea sanguinea Purple Coneflower excellent
 
excellent sun-part shade native perennial
Eupatorium coelestinium Blue Mist-flower good
 
very good sun-part shade perennial
Eupatorium fistulosum Joe Pye-weed very good
 
very good sun-part shade perennial
Eupatorium havanense White Mistflower excellent
 
Fair sun-shade perennial
Eupatorium serotinum Boneset excellent
 
fair shade native perennial
Fabaceae Legumes excellent Blues, Long-tailed Skipper good sun native annual
Foeniculum vulgare Fennel fair Black Swallowtail good sun herb
Gaillardia aestivalis Yellow Gaillardia good
 
good sun native perennial
Gaillardia pulchella Indian Blanket, Firewheel very good
 
excellent sun native perennial
Gelsemium sempervirens Carolina Jessamine good
 
excellent shade native vine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
Hibiscus coccineus Texas Star Hibiscus excellent
 
High sun perennial
Hibiscus lasiocarpus Woolly Rose Mallow excellent
 
High sun East Texas native
Hibiscus moscheutos Rose Mallow excellent
 
excellent sun Big Thicket native
Ipomopsis rubra Standing Cypress very good
 
excellent sun native perennial
Itea virginica Virginia Sweetspire excellent
 
excellent damp shade shrub
Juniperus virginiana Eastern Red-cedar none Juniper Hairstreak good sun native prairie tree
Kosteletskya virginica Salt Marsh Mallow excellent
 
excellent damp sun native perennial
Lantana horrida Lantana excellent
 
excellent sun South Texas native
Liatris bracteata Gayfeather good
 
good sun native perennial
Liatris elegans Pink-scale Gayfeather good
 
good sun native perennial
Liatris mucronata Gayfeather good
 
fair sun native perennial
Liatrus pycnostachya Kansas Gayfeather excellent
 
excellent sun native perennial
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower excellent
 
excellent shade, damp sun native perennial
Lonicera sempervirens Coral Honeysuckle excellent
 
excellent sun native vine
Malpighia glabra Barbados Cherry good
 
excellent sun South Texas native
Monarda citriodora Lemon-mint very good
 
very good sun native perennial
Monarda fistulosa Bee Balm excellent
 
very good sun native perennial
Oenothera speciosa Showy Evening Primrose good
 
excellent sun native perennial
Passiflora incarnata Passion Vine good Heliconians excellent sun native vine
Penstemon spp. Penstemon good
 
good sun native perennial
Persea borbonia Red Bay fair Palamedes Swallowtail excellent shade native tree
Phlox divaricata Louisiana Phlox fair
 
good part shade native perennial
Phlox drummondi Drummond Phlox good
 
excellent sun native perennial
Phlox pilosa Plains Phlox fair
 
excellent part shade native perennial
Phoradendron tomentosum Mistletoe none Great Purple Hairstreak poor shade tree parasite
Phyla incisa Frogfruit excellent Phaon Crescent fair sun native groundcover
Physostegia spp. Obedient plant good
 
excellent part shade native perennial
Pontederia cordata Pickerel weed very good
 
excellent damp sun native aquatic
Prunus caroliniana Laurel Cherry fair
 
excellent shade native tree
Prunus serotina Black Cherry fair Tiger Swallowtail good sun native tree
Ratibida columnifera Mexican Hat good
 
fair sun native perennial
Rhododendron spp. Azalea excellent
 
excellent shade shrub
Rhus spp. Sumacs fair Red-banded Hairstreak excellent sun native shrub
Rudbeckia hirta Black-eyed Susan good
 
excellent sun native perennial
Salvia spp. Sage excellent
 
excellent sun-part shade native perennial
Sapindus drummondii Western Soapberry fair Soapberry Hairstreak poor sun native prairie tree
Sassafras albidum Sassafras fair Spicebush Swallowtail fair sun native tree
Sesbania drummondii Rattlebush excellent Funereal Duskywing fair sun native annual
Sesbania vescaria Bladderpod excellent Suphurs fair sun native annual
Sida spp. Sida excellent Checkered Skippers poor sun native perennial
Stokesia laevis Blue Stokes Aster good
 
excellent part shade perennial
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry fair
 
fair sun-shade native sub-shrub
Tilia carolinana Carolina Basswood excellent
 
fair part shade native tree
Verbena canadensis Rose Vervain excellent
 
excellent sun native perennial
Verbesina virginica Frostweed good
 
fair shade native perennial
Vernonia spp. Ironweed very good
 
fair sun native perennial
Viola spp. Violets good Variegated Fritillary excellent shade native groundcover
Zanthoxylum clava-herculis Hercules' Club good Giant Swallowtail poor sun native prairie tree